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Why 11-Month Leases Contracts in India Are on the Rise?


January 11, 2024

Why 11-Month Leases Contracts in India Are on the Rise?


Have you ever wondered why most rental agreements in India last for 11 months? If you’ve leased a place before, you’ve probably noticed this odd trend. But what’s the reason behind it? In this article, we’ll explore the ins and outs of renting in India, including the legal frameworks, tenant protections, and financial considerations that influence the 11-month rental period.

What is a Lease Agreement ?

Renting a house involves more than just finding a comfortable place to live. It also involves signing a lease agreement, which is a written contract that explains the responsibilities of both the landlord and tenant. The lease agreement acts as a guide for landlords and tenants, and outlines the rules that both parties need to follow. By doing so, their relationship becomes more organized and efficient.

The 11-Month Lease Agreement: What You Need to Know.

When you start renting a place in India, you’ll often receive an 11-month lease agreement. This is a common practice in the country’s rental market, and the lease can be renewed multiple times. But have you ever wondered why it’s always 11 months?

The reason behind this practice is that in India, any lease agreement that exceeds 12 months requires registration under the Registration Act of 1908. This registration can be a lengthy and expensive process that involves paying a percentage of the total annual rent as stamp duty. By limiting the lease period to 11 months, landlords and tenants can avoid this additional cost and hassle.

Furthermore, this 11-month lease agreement also provides flexibility to both parties. If the landlord is unhappy with the tenant, they can choose not to renew the lease after the 11-month period. Similarly, if the tenant is unhappy with the property or the landlord’s behavior, they can easily move out after 11 months without any legal repercussions.

In addition, the 11-month lease agreement allows landlords to adjust the rent more frequently. Since the lease is only for a short period, landlords can increase the rent every year based on market demand and inflation.

Overall, the 11-month lease agreement is a widely accepted practice in India’s rental market that benefits both landlords and tenants. It provides flexibility, avoids additional costs, and allows for rent adjustments based on market demand.

The Legal Landscape:

The rental market in India is different because the law has a favorable outlook towards the tenants. This means it can be hard for landlords to get their property back if a tenant doesn’t want to leave. The process can be long and complicated, with legal problems and court hearings. This can leave landlords waiting for a long time while their property is still being used by the tenant.

This legal framework has led to the widespread practice of using 11-month lease agreements in India.

Leave and Licence Agreements in India:

In India, it’s common to sign 11-month lease agreements. But in Maharashtra, there’s something different called “leave and licence agreements”. These agreements last for five years and allow people to live in a property for specific set of rules that the property owner decides.

Compared to regular leases, “leave and licence” agreements in Maharashtra offer different legal protection to the people living there. Licensees have the right to stay for a set amount of time, while lessees have more legal protection. This is why “leave and licence” agreements are so popular in Maharashtra.

The Lease Agreement scenario in the National Capital:

Delhi, like many other cities in India, typically uses 11-month lease agreements. Short-term rentals are more common in Delhi than longer commitments, which are more prevalent in other rental markets. This practice is based on legal details, tax strategies, and a joint goal of reducing costs. This leads landlords and tenants to prefer shorter leases. By understanding the complex dynamics of renting in Delhi, both parties can navigate it better and live together more peacefully.

The Stamp Duty Factor:

This legal difference has a benefit: choosing an agreement for less than a year means you don’t have to pay stamp duty. If someone chooses to register, the stamp duty depends on how much the rent is and how long they’ll be staying. The idea is simple: the longer the stay, the higher the stamp duty. So, even if someone chooses to register, it’s smart to choose a shorter stay to avoid paying a lot of money.

A Mutual Relationship between Landlords and Tenants.

Landlords and tenants work together to save money. They both want to spend less, so they often agree to have shorter leases. Instead of registering a lease, many people choose to have it notarized because it is cheaper.


To sum it up We can say that, 11-month lease agreements are popular in India for legal and financial reasons. These agreements avoid the need for registration under the Registration Act of 1908, which takes time and money. They also give flexibility to landlords and tenants, who can easily end the lease if they are unhappy. However, it can be difficult for landlords to get their property back if a tenant does not leave.

Despite its challenges, the 11-month lease agreement is commonly used in India’s rental market. To make renting easier, landlords and tenants must understand the legal system in India and work together. They should find ways to lower costs, avoid legal issues, and have a good rental experience.

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